Virtual Verduria

 

Modern Verdurian Terms

As part of the Almea+400 project, this document lists the words used in Modern Verdurian for new technology and social developments. As the project continues, more words will be added; they will also be found in the lexicon. Dates of future inventions are subject to change.

For “canonical Verdurian”, this replaces (and expands on) my Secret Dictionary of Modern Verdurian, which I made for people who wanted to talk about modern things. Because a surprising number of such people were Swedish, I used quite a bit of Swedish; this influence is, perhaps sadly, not present in Almea. References to Earth are still contained in that document. I’ve changed several terms, not least now that I know who discovered the technologies involved. Science is definitely an international project in the last centuries.

Verdurian spelling was reformed in 3728— a time when technology had advanced beyond our own, and the first permanent base on Iliažë had just been set up. Spellings in this document are pre-reform, and by that time no longer reflected the spoken language. A few words do reflect sound change; e.g. the abbreviation ša- for ‘electric’, from sya(metec).

The words here are the ordinary term. Often people initially used more verbose terms and these have simplified, as we turned ‘taximeter cabriolet’ into ‘cab’. So e.g. nasitec ‘truck’ became nas; bežecî mižigoi ‘moving pictures’ became bežecî, etc.

—M.R. September 2020

Transportation Space Math Computers Internet Physics Technology Measures Lifestyle Ideologies Health


Transportation

airplane letniru [‘flying machine’] 3588 Érenat
airport letcer [‘flying port’]
automobile nisen [Xurnese (tir)niswen ‘wagon’] 3650 Xurno
bicycle linto [Flaidish linnitno ‘two-wheel’] 3543 Flora
bullet train naraž [Tžuro ‘eagle’] 3640 DU
bus nažžen [‘truck (for) people’]
driver's license ribret duisomei [‘license of driver’]
gas station karnáe [‘oil place’]
gasoline niskare [nisen-kare 'car oil’]
helicopter řavniru [Dhekhnami khyav 'grasshopper’ + ‘machine’] 3620 Dhekhnam
line (train, subway) ban [‘way’]
motor niru [‘machine’]
oil kare [cüe Kare ‘petroleum’] Caďinorian times
otherworld telcë [‘elsewhere’] 3570 Curym
otherworld travel celtelcë [‘elsewhere’] 3800s
railway kolberda [‘iron path’] 3485 Kebri
steam engine duhniru [‘steam-machine’] 3466 Verd/Kebri
steamship duhnavira [‘steam-ship’] 3476 Verduria
steering wheel orivoš [‘tiller’]
subway hippoče [‘underground (train)’] 3540 Verduria
taxi desidul [‘ordered (car)’]
tire šircoš [‘around thing’]
traffic duisomora [‘driverage’]
train ezede [Kebreni ‘carriage’ + collective] 3485 Kebri
train station ezednáe [‘train place’]
truck nas [nasitec ‘carrier’]
trunk sista [‘box, trunk’]
 

Space

astronaut irlädec [‘above-goer’] 3660 Bé
black hole urzetiel [‘strange point’]
cluster (of stars) azava [Keb. collective of ‘star’]
constellation curulëra [collective of ‘star’]
galaxy sayrina [Xurnese xayurina ‘sky river’] 3350 Xurno
ICBM celhunsirise letkřumbil [‘intercontinental missile’] 3690 Golds
interplanetary celdunalál [‘between planet(s)’] 3750
interstellar celcurulë [‘between star(s)’] 3900
missile letkřumbil [‘flying bomb’]
moon nahis [reborrowing from Caď.]
moon landing surnahisán [cf. surpočen ‘land (on ground)’] 3679 Kebri
nebula obela [‘cloud’]
nova lebcurulë [‘new star’] 3220 Érenat
orbit situriát
rocket křuntuyo [‘bomb-pipe’] 3600 Xurno
satellite situriec [‘orbiter’] 3650 Bé
space irsyel [‘above sky’]
spaceport ircer [‘above port’]
space shuttle düzede [Keb. dyezede ‘space railway’] 3680 DU
space station düpol [Keb. dypol ‘sky city’, calque on DU term]
 

Math

base (numerical) (hicete) řizo [‘(numerical) root’]
binary dvařizo [‘two-base’]
complex number daždimo [‘grid-amount’]
decimal decřizo [‘ten-base’]
floating point lëndimo [‘line-amount’]
hexadecimal tësane [‘16-ish’]
integer samfäsul [‘without remainder’]
octal žořizo [‘eight-base’]
point tiel [Caď.]
sixteen tësán [‘all-one’]
 

Computers

algorithm steria [‘process’]
bit ařo [ar-řo ‘yes-no’]
bug accul [‘scolding’]
byte žocařo [‘eight-bit’]
constant teřeme
cd-rom dör laun [‘external circle’]
chip ďëska [‘tile’]
compile celmetan [‘translate’]
computer römniru [‘calculate-machine’] 3650 Verduria
computer language nirutá [‘machine-ism’]
CPU mašrë (ďëska) [‘master chip’]
data steräm [‘to be processed’]
database sterämora [collective of ‘data’]
documentation kielivro [‘how-book’]
debug imželen [‘calm’; cf. accul]
floppy disk mole laun [‘soft circle’]
hard drive dur laun [‘hard circle’]
modem celniru [‘between-machine(s)’]
keyboard teclora [collective of tecla ‘key’]
mouse kazoš [‘point-thing’]
monitor ontoš [‘show-thing’]
neural net merokotá [‘brainism’]
printer impuyoš [‘press’]
program (v) befelan; (n) befelora [‘command’]
programmer befelec
programming befelát
string nibul, nibsteräm [‘any-data’]
variable ďeltec [‘changer’]
video game šašendu [‘electric game’]
virtual reality šalëtyora [‘electric glasses’]
 

Internet

artificial intelligence nirulesüas [‘machine-sentient’]
blog šařan [šařandën ‘electric diary’]
channel pratnáe [‘chat-place’]
chat praten
e-mail šapisá [‘electric letter’]
forum (letuë) vouë [‘(wall) of messages’]
Internet hipgečë [‘under-network’] 3690 Verduria
flame ogudir [‘roast’]
lurker samsfahe [‘mute’]
newbie lebako [slang for 'newcomer’]
network gečë [‘web/net’]
PDF retden [‘far document’]
post voyir [‘send’]
posting voy [‘message’]
troll múrtany
Web šanayora [collective of šanáe]
web page šanáe [‘electric place’]
 

Physics

accelerator fesnap [Festnap, Flaidish city where first one was built] 3610 Flora
atom parvasce [Caď. parvasces ‘smallest’]
c (lightspeed) (hicet i) bidbo [‘Bidbo’s number’] 3317 Flora
charm nilai [Nílàe, its discoverer] 3655 Bé
down quark ctaneca nusa [‘negative quark’]
electric syametec, šame, ša- [‘bring-touching’]
electromagnetism šamurca [‘electric-magnet’]
electron čámio [Flaidish chamio ‘electric’ + dim.] 3580 Flora
fission cäciát [‘breaking’] 3650 Xurno
force pegeo [‘throwing’]
fusion cometát [‘joining’] 3670 DU
G (gravity constant) (hicet i) nošcerey [‘Nošcerey’s number’] 3366 Érenat
gravity pegeo tombei [‘force of falling’]
h (Planck’s constant) (hicet i) kuaďiu [‘Kwadhiw’s number’] 3620 Dhekhnam
molecule bidracon [Cuêzi 'the indivisible', ancient philosophical term]
negative (charge) ctanec [Caď. ‘coming’] 3442 Ismahi
neutron nadízio [Keb. ‘mute, neutral’ + ‘particle’] 3610 Kebri
nucleus nevnu [Keb. ‘core’]
nuclear energy dunea nevnui [‘nucleus energy’]
particle tyelio; (in combinations) -io [‘point’ + Flaidish dim.]
photon séltio [‘light-particle’]
positive (charge) laudec [Caď. ‘going’] 3442 Ismahi
proton névnio [‘nucleus-particle’] 3600 Dhekhnam
quantum dedim [Lé dɛdin ‘not-between = discrete’] 3620 Bé
quantum mechanics dedimviso [‘quantumology’]
quark nusa [Šureni ‘fraction’] 3640 DU
radioactivity zaivigo [Keb. zaivgu ‘glow’] 3570 Kebri
relativity oratël [Keb. orattiel ‘all points’] 3590 Śaidahami
speed of light ruk selte [‘velocity of light’] 3317 Flora
spin launivát [‘rotation’]
strangeness ažantu [Ajantu, its discoverer] 3650 DU
strong force pegeo nevnui [‘nuclear force’]
superposition ženčin [Lé jéŋčìŋ ‘both states’]
up quark laudeca nusa [‘positive quark’]
uranium ořsešue [‘dense gold’] 3465 elcari
wave mena
weak force pegeo zaivigei [‘radioactive force’]
 

Technology

air conditioner imanižec [‘cooler’] 3580 DU
animated cartoon bežecî behdelî [‘moving cartoons’] 3585 Ismahi
atomic bomb křumbil ořsešuei [‘uranium bomb’] 3650 Xurno
biofuel tsesikare [‘sugarcane oil’] 3550 Bé
camera mižigoš, miží [‘photo thing’] 3510 Kebri
CD laun [‘circle’]
cinema bežecnáe [‘movie place’] 3580 Érenat
dishwasher činlavec [‘dish-washer’] 3610 elcari
electromagic šancädau [Keb. śamakaadau] 3590 Kebri
elevator uletora zetbežë [‘moving stairway’]
film (for camera) bres [bres and mižigoin 'band for pictures’]
fusion bomb křumbil cometátei [‘fusion bomb’] 3670 DU
handgun bepušcul [dim. of ‘rifle’]
hydroelectricity mešankeďesa [‘water-electric production’] 3600 DU
light bulb glazula [‘little lamp’] 3565 Verduria
machine gun onfassë [‘repeater’] 3587 Verd
movie bežecî [bežecî mižigoi 'moving photos’] 3580 Érenat
nuclear power dunea cäciátei [‘fission energy’] 3580 Flora
photograph mižigo [Keb. miźirgu ‘silver thing’] 3510 Kebri
plastic imiru [after its discoverer] 3600 Verduria
radio šada [Keb. śadageira ‘far sound’] 3590 Kebri
radio station šadatiel [‘radio point (on dial)’]
record, phonograph sücno [Keb. syḣknu ‘potter’s wheel’] 3575 Kebri
record player sücnoš 3575 Kebri
refrigerator froniru [calque on Flaidish ʔedgepp ‘cold machine’] 3560 Flora
rifle bepušec [‘Bé gun’] 3492 Verduria/Kebri
stereo alaďé [niru alaďee ‘music machine’]
sunglasses akseltë [akseltë lëtyora ‘against-light glasses’]
tape bresul [bresul and alaďean ‘bandlet for music’]
tape recorder bresulniru [‘tape machine’]
telegraph vuafil [‘voice-wire’] 3520 Érenat
telephone secu [Secku, its inventor] 3556 Flora
television šacayna [Keb. śadakaina ‘far sight’] 3600 Kebri
typewriter yadris [Yadderys Tolkio, its inventor] 3547 Flora
videotape bresul (and bežecin) [‘tape (for movies)’]
washing machine uverälávec [‘clothes-washer’] 3580 Flora
 

Lifestyle

automatic teller kunniru [‘money machine’]
babysitter cumpavom [‘with kid person’]
banknote denkuna [‘paper money’]
bikini piďášë [‘tiny (swimsuit)’]
bra taspres [‘cup band’]
comic strip bemáš [‘cartoon’]
credit card plačem [‘pay-card’]
economy nažrömát [‘national accounting’]
income tax decë ak lagun [‘tax on income’]
inflation lešelial [‘price-rise’]
lifestyle alia [‘way of getting by’]
lipstick leffäbrau [‘lip makeup’]
secretary (office) vereon [after the messenger of Enäron]
speed limit aletasces (sfutátei) [‘maximum of speed’]
standard of living nivo žüngui [‘level of expenditures’]
suburb ažežes [‘neighborhood away (from the city)’]
swimsuit nuotun [‘(outfit) for swimming’]
unemployed samřeze [‘without work’]
unemployment samřezát
welfare denažë [colapreca denažë 'national assistance’]
 

Ideologies

capitalist ziëcilo [‘property-ist’]
classist ränorilo [‘class-ist’]
colonialist irestilo [‘dominate-ist’]
colony lebnáe [‘new place’]
communist bëtsu [Xurnese biac(aup)su ‘abased-ist’]
conservative bomřanec [‘keeping old’]
democratic žengueste [‘people-power’]
environmentalist bečindilo [after the Arániceri god of the Earth]
fascist salsu [Xurnese ‘martial.vigor-ist’]
labor movement řežene oligu [‘worker faction’]
monarchist dalugueste [‘king-power’]
plutocratic kungueste [‘money-power’]
prejudice ařolotë [‘against-feeling’]
privilege irpouže [‘location above’]
problematic deželec [‘disquieting’]
progressive imräfë [‘to justice’]
proletariat řeženát [from ‘worker’]
sexist serilo [‘male-ist’]
socialist ženilo [‘people-ist’]
strike (labor) cummevan [‘act with’]
theocratic cliďugueste [‘priest-power’]
union neron [‘guild’]
 

Health / Biology

addict ciloriul
addiction cilorionarda [‘Syetnor-illness’]
allergic ctodicel
allergy ctodiceio [neo-Caď, after Ver. žoziseo ‘irritation’]
antibiotic akanadonta [‘against bacterium’]
bacterium anadonta [‘one cell’]
cell donta [‘house block’]
clone nennešél [‘same genes’]
DNA suco nešélië [‘fluid of genes’] 3630 Šočya
drug dealer malošom [‘opium man’]
drugs (formal) leoros [neo-Caď.; cf. ‘intoxication’]
drugs (slang) mafoš [from ‘opium’]
gene nešél [earlier nesiel, from ‘genetic’]
gene replacement lebnešél [‘new genes’]
genetic nesetadec [‘birth-featured’]
intoxication leorulát [Caď leorul ‘drunk’]
nucleus (of cell) pol [Keb. ‘capital, metropolis’]
nutrient nurictoš [neo-Caď., from ‘food’]
vaccine akhipelir [‘against virus’]
virus hipelir [‘sub-life’]
 

Virtual Verduria